What is Vegetable Oil?
Vegetable oil is a compound formed by the combination of unsaturated fatty acids and glycerol. It is widely distributed in nature and is derived from the fruits, seeds, nuts and germ of plants. The main constituent of vegetable oil is the ester that produced by straight chain advanced fatty acid and glycerol. In addition to palmitic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid, fatty acid also contains a variety of unsaturated acid, wait like erucic acid, tung oleic acid, castor oil acid and more. Vegetable oil mainly contains vitamins E, K, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium and other minerals and fatty acids.(Relate Post: Vegetable Oil Processing Plant Setup Cost>>)
Seeds and Nuts Suitable to Produce Vegetable Oils
There are a wide range of seeds, nuts, fruits and germs in the nature that is great raw materials to produce vegetable oils, including hemp seeds, moringa seeds, black seeds, soybean, prickly pear seeds, mustard seeds, sunflower seeds, coconut/copra, sesame seeds, peanut/groundnut, corn germ, castor seeds, rice bran, palm kernel, rapeseeds, cottonseeds, tea seeds, almond, niger seeds and more.
Vegetable Oil Uses
Vegetable oil, which is usually liquid at room temperature, is called oil. Vegetable oils that are solid and semi-solid at room temperature are called fats. It can be divided into edible vegetable oils and industrial vegetable oils according to their USES.
Edible Vegetable Oil: there should have certain oil content in human diet. If the body intakes insufficient oil for a long time and is lack of oil for a long time, then, the body will accur malnutrition, poor physical strength, weight loss, and even loss of ability to work. Edible vegetable oil is an important non-staple food for human beings. It is mainly used in cooking, pastry, canned food, etc., and can also be processed into vegetable oil, margarine, baking oil, etc., for human consumption. (Read More: Cost Setting up Edible Oil Plant >>)
Vegetable Oil for Industrial Use: it is widely used as the main raw material of soap, paint, ink, rubber, leather, textile, candle, lubricating oil, synthetic resin, cosmetics, medicine and other industrial products.
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